Strategies For J-1 Physicians
There are a number of non-immigrant visas not requiring waiver that the J-1 physician may be eligible, to wit: TN, O-1, E-1.
In addition, there are a number of waiver strategies, including clinical waivers based on service in underserved areas. (Clinical Waivers).
Additionally, there are a number of personal waivers available including persecution waivers and hardship waivers (see Hardship and Persecution Waiver).
There are waivers for researchers that may be submitted to HHS (see Waivers for Researchers).
Finally, physicians who would face persecution may apply for asylum if successful, rapid work authorization (not requiring a job) and ultimate immigrant as an asylee.